Knowledge of Commercial Truck Tyre

Tyre market worldwide is projected to grow by 731.6 million units in the year 2020 and it will reach 2.2 billion in the year 2025. 290 million tires are discarded in the United States each year, more than 80% are reused or recycle tyre while 130 million tyres used for tire-derived fuel annually according to EPA and the Rubber Manufacturers Association.

According to research, the country produces the most tyre in the world is Japan, France, United States and Germany in the year 2019.

The lifetime of a tyre is maximum 10 years, it should be replacing after 10 years even the tyre is in the usable condition.

What type of truck tyre in the market?

1) Pickup Truck

The pickup truck is a comment truck that we can view in our daily life, it also can be known as a light-duty truck. For example, most of the popular pick-up truck brands in Malaysia is Toyota Hilux, Ford Ranger, Nissan Navara and others.

2) 1 Ton Mini Truck

The mini truck can be defined as micro truck as well. It will be under sub 1000cc engine category for short distancing.

3) Prime Mover

The characteristic of the prime mover is provided motive power for hauling a towed or trailered load. Prime Mover can be known as tractor, rig, semi-truck and others.

4) Construction Truck

Construction truck will be used in the construction industry to carry up the huge amount of stone, soil and other large construction tasks. The bucket or container can be a move to angle 50° to place the object onto the floor.

5) Food Truck

Food Truck becomes popular in nowadays, as it can be cook, prepare, serve, or sell food in 1 of the location. The food truck is moving flexible, the location will be determined by the food sales of the location.

6) Carrying Animal Truck

The truck used to be carrying the animal such as cow, goats, sheep and others.

7) Refrigerator Truck

Refrigerator truck is to carry the perishable products that require specific temperature. For example, vegetable, meat and others. The temperature of the refrigerator is adjustable for a specific temperature.

Different Between Commercial Truck & Vehicle

Tyre Pattern

The pattern between the on-road tyre and off-road tyre will be different. On-road which the truck can be driving on the road while off-road is the truck not allow to drive on the road, it may damage the roads. Others than 2 type of tyre, it also has on-off tyre which is the truck can be driven on the road of construction areas.

On-Road Tyre
Off-Road Tyre
On-Off Road Tyre


The Application of Each Tyre Pattern

The function Off-road tyre will be using on the unpaved surfaces. For example, moving on the loose dirt, mud, sand, or gravel. It will be used frequently by the construction industry.

Next, the application of on-road tyre will be used for the truck that needs to transport the object from 1 location to others located on the road.

For the on-off tyre which can be moving on the road and off-road. It is suitable for the truck which carries the object on-road and sends the object to the construction areas which include off-road.

  On Road Tyre Off Road Tyre On-Off tyre
Moving on Road Sand & Gravel Both
Friction Small Big Medium
Speed Fast Slow Medium

Tire Code

The tyre code of truck and the vehicle tyre code are different. For example tire code of light truck tire

1 = MAX. LOAD SINGLE 1549 kg (3415 lbs) AT 550kPa (80 psi) MAX. PRESS. COLD

2 =  MAX. LOAD DUAL 1399 kg (3085 lbs) AT 550kPa (80 psi) MAX. PRESS. COLD

LT = Light Truck Tire

265 = Nominal Width of the tire in mm

75 = Aspect Ratio

R = Radial construction

16 = Rim diameter in inches.

123 = Single wheel fitment.

120 = Load index – dual wheel fitment.

R = Speed rating/symbol.

Top 5 Truck Brands

1. Michelin



Michelin is a French multinational tyre manufacturer based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes région of France. The founder of Michelin is Édouard Michelin & André Michelin who founded in year 1889.

2. Goodyear



Goodyear is founded by Frank A. Seiberling in year 1898. They have 64,000 workers and manufactures its products in 48 facilities in 22 countries around the world.

3. Yokohama

Logo :


The Yokohama Rubber Company is the Japan tire company that founded by Yokohama Cable Manufacturing and B.F. Goodrich in year 1917

4. BF Goodrich

Logo :


In 1870, the founder of BF Goodrich who is Dr. Benjamin Franklin Goodrich founded the first tire factory in North America.

5. Cooper Tire & Rubber Company

Logo :


It was establish on year 1914 by John F. Schaefer and Claude E. Hart as they purchase M and M Manufacturing Company in Akron, Ohio. In 1946, they changed the name as Cooper Tire & Rubber Company.

Malaysia Truck Photo